Date of Issue : 22 March 2012 The five reservoirs illustrated on the 1st Local stamps (Upper FDC) are
- Jurong Lake
- Punggol Reservoir Created by damming of Sungei Punggol and Sungei Serangoon, the Punggol and Serangoon Reservoirs collected rainwater from estates and areas within Punggol and Sengkang, and parts of Hougang and Ang Mo Kio.
- Lower Seletar Reservoir Completed in 1986, Lower Seletar Reservoir was constructed by damming Sungei Seletar
- Marina Reservoir;
and on the 50-cents stamp (Lower FDC) are :
- Lower Peirce Reservoir One of the oldest reservoirs in Singapore, it is located near the MacRitchie Reservoir and the Upper Peirce Reservoir.
- MacRitchie Reservoir First constructed in 1867 through a donation of S$13,000 by philanthropist Tan Kim Seng, it is Singapore's oldest reservoir.
- Bedok Reservoir
- Pandan Reservoir Formed by damming the mouth of Sungei Pandan.
- Upper Seletar Reservoir It was formed by damming up the mouth of Seletar River. Built in 1920 as Singapore's third impounding reservoir, it was offically opened by Her Royal Highness, Princess Alexandra on 10 August 1969.
Four species of mushroom found at mid-altitudes are featured. The designs follow:
Amanita rubrovolvata (NT$5): The mushroom has an orange to red cap (pileus). Convex when it first appears, the cap gradually flattens as it matures. The cap’s surface is covered with fuzz and scales, and its margin is grooved. The mushroom’s central stem (stipe) is cream to pale orange-yellow in color and covered with powdery scales. The stem has a ring (annulus) on its upper half and a large basal bulb. It can often be found in mixed forests at mid-altitudes. This mushroom is poisonous.
Entoloma murraii (NT$5): The mushroom has a pale to bright yellow conical cap and a bright yellow cylindrical stem. The stem, either solid or hollow, is central and supports the cap in the middle. This small, soft, bright yellow mushroom is very eye-catching. It can often be found in forests in low to mid-altitude areas during summer and fall. It is not clear whether it is poisonous.
Geastrum sessile (NT$12): The mushroom has a ball-shaped fruiting body. At maturity, the outer layer of the fruiting body splits open to create a star-like effect, revealing the sporangium within. The brown sporangium has a smooth surface with a mouth at the apex. The area around the mouth is grooved. The spores are dispersed from this opening when mature. This mushroom can often be seen in broadleaf forests at mid-altitudes. Its spores have anti-inflammatory properties.
Clavulinopsis miyabeana (NT$12): At first, the fruiting body of this mushroom resembles a red or pink smooth cylinder. By maturity, the fruiting body has become a sharp spindle with a paler tip. It can often be found in clumps among fallen leaves in coniferous or broadleaf forests at mid-altitudes during summer and fall. At first glance, the mushroom, with its bright orange-red, flat and stick-like body, resembles a flame on the forest ground.
This set of stamps is planned by Lin Zichao, research assistant on mushrooms at the Endemic Species Research Institute of the Executive Yuan’s Council of Agriculture, painted by ecological painter Chi-jen Lai, and printed by China Color Printing Co., Ltd. in color offset.
This stamp series of PON 2012 features parachuting, shooting, gymnastic, sepak takraw, sailing, and canoe.
Pekan Olah Raga Nasional (PON) or National Sports Week was first held in Solo on 8 to 12 September 1948. It is a national multi-event sports held every four years, conducted by the Indonesian National Sports Committee of the province along with other sports stakeholders in the region.
PON XVII 2012 Riau Province would be held for 12 days, from March 9 to 20 September 2012. The game, competes 39 sports consists of 555 numbers, is held in ten districts and cities, namely Pekanbaru, kampar, Rokan Hulu, Pelalawan, Indragiri Hulu, Kuantan Singingi, Bengkalis, Dumai, Siak, and Indragiri Hilir. Opening and Closing Ceremony is held at the Main Stadium located in the Sports University of Riau, Pekanbaru.
50th Anniversary of Korea - Colombia Diplomatic Relations
Date of Issue : 9 March 2012 Stamp Design : - Korea's ginseng and Colombia's coffee
The year 2012 marks the 50th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between Korea and Colombia.
Ginseng, which is native to Korea, is a perennial plant. It grows to a height of approximately 60 cm and bears red or yellow fruits. Korean Ginseng, is called "Insam," in Korean because it is shaped like a person, with "In" meaning a person and "sam" ginseng. Korean Ginseng contains many different kinds of saponin and the content of each different saponin is evenly distributed. In addition, ginseng is known to have a superb efficacy in enhancing immunity, recovery from fatigue, blood flow, and memory.
The evergreen coffee shrub grows to a height of 3~5 m and about 3 years after planting, bears red or yellow fruits. The seed remaining after the coffee fruit is peeling is called the green bean, which is roasted to make coffee beans that can be brewed in a beverage. The Colombian coffee is grown by farmers called Cafetero, raised under the Andes Mountains.
Heino Eller (7 March 1887 – 16 June 1970), an Estonian composer and music teacher, graduated from the St Petersburg Conservatory, specialising in composition and music theory.
Heino Eller's best-known works include the symphonic poems Koit (Daybreak) and Videvik (Twilight) as well as the beautiful Kodumaine viis (Homeland Tune) both as a piano and a string orchestra work. He has written three symphonies, a violin concerto, works for different instrumental groups and solo instruments. Eller's student, Eduard Tubin, continued the same line in Estonian music. Eller has been called a real Estonian composer and the music he created belongs to the golden treasury of Estonian national musical composition.
As to symbolize the special characteristic of "Pa Kua" (八卦), the shape of these stamps is designed in the format of hexagon. The symbols of Kua (卦象) in this series of eight stamps are: Pi, Cui, Jin, Yu, Guan, Bi, Bo and Kun (否、萃、晉、豫、觀、比、剝和坤). The design of the souvenir sheet is based on the symbol "Kun"(坤卦) which means "Earth, Mother, Wealth, Grand" (為地、為母、為財、為廣大),. The picture is entitled as "Earth as Mother's Devotion" ("大地母親圖").
Samo Chalupka (1812 – 1883) Date of Issue : 27 February 2012
Samo Chalupka belongs to the most important Slovak poets. He was born on 27. February 1812 in Horná Lehota near Banská Bystrica in the family of an Evangelic pastor. He started studying in the Evangelic lyceum in Bratislava in 1827 and completed his theological studies in 1833 in Vienna.
His fundamental poetic works originated in the 30's, 40's and 60's of the 19th century and were published as a set in the collection called “Spevy” (Singing) in 1868. Chalupka draws mainly from the Slovak history, from the tradition of Jánošík, which he understands as a fight for freedom and social justice, from fights against the Ottoman Turks, from the nation's struggle for freedom and equality. His heroes are people faithful to the nation, to the ideas of liberty, freedom, equality and justice for which they are willing to sacrifice even their own lives. The most famous poem of Samo Chalupka called “Mor ho” became a cult, its melodies always occurred at the time of the escalated fight of the Slovaks for national and social liberation, for freedom, equality and democracy (World War I and II, the Slovak National Uprising in 1968 and 1989 to 1993). He belongs to those Slovak poets whose work is well known in all classes of the Slovak population.
Macau Post, formerly CTT (Correios, Telégrafos e Telefones), was founded in 1 March 1884.
Starting its operation in a small Post Office in 1884, which was also the residence of the Director at that time, Macau Post now consists of 11 Post Offices, a Central Post Office located in its Headquarters Building which was inaugurated in 1929, and a Mail Handling and Delivery Centre to handle the inbound and outbound distribution of mail. 36 Automatic Stamp Vending Machines and 2 Postal Kiosks are widely dispersed around the cities.
Wrangel Island is an island in the Arctic Ocean, between the Chukchi Sea and East Siberian Sea.
Wrangel Island is about 125 km (78 mi) wide and 7,600 km2 (2,900 sq mi) in area. Wrangel Island belongs administratively to the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug of the Russian Federation. It is the northernmost natural World Heritage.
Zhonghua Book Company was founded by Lufei Kui, a famous educational thinker and publisher, in Shanghai on 1 January 1912.
Over the past century, the company has published a great number of influential books and dictionaries, including Ci Hai, Essentials of the Four Branches of Literature, Great Collection of Ancient and Modern Books, Collected Inscriptions on Tortoise Shells or Animals Bones, Comprehensive Mirror for Aid in Government and Yongle Encyclopedia. Among the classics, the "Twenty-Four Histories" (punctuated) and A Draft History of the Qing Dynasty are regarded as New China's Greatest ancient book publishing projects with remarkable contributions to the inheritance of Chinese culture.
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