Mar 8, 2012

Slovakia FDC on "Samo Chalupka (1812 – 1883)"

First Day Cover
Sobrescrito de 1.º Dia


Samo Chalupka (1812 – 1883)

Date of Issue : 27 February 2012

Samo Chalupka belongs to the most important Slovak poets. He was born on 27. February 1812 in Horná Lehota near Banská Bystrica in the family of an Evangelic pastor. He started studying in the Evangelic lyceum in Bratislava in 1827 and completed his theological studies in 1833 in Vienna.

His fundamental poetic works originated in the 30's, 40's and 60's of the 19th century and were published as a set in the collection called “Spevy” (Singing) in 1868. Chalupka draws mainly from the Slovak history, from the tradition of Jánošík, which he understands as a fight for freedom and social justice, from fights against the Ottoman Turks, from the nation's struggle for freedom and equality. His heroes are people faithful to the nation, to the ideas of liberty, freedom, equality and justice for which they are willing to sacrifice even their own lives. The most famous poem of Samo Chalupka called “Mor ho” became a cult, its melodies always occurred at the time of the escalated fight of the Slovaks for national and social liberation, for freedom, equality and democracy (World War I and II, the Slovak National Uprising in 1968 and 1989 to 1993). He belongs to those Slovak poets whose work is well known in all classes of the Slovak population.

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