Oct 12, 2011

Hong Kong FDC on "Centenary of Xinhai Revolution"

First Day Cover
Sobrescrito de 1.º Dia

Hong Kong

Centenary of Xinhai Revolution

Date of Issue : 10 October 2011

The Xinhai Revolution in 1911 brought an end to the Qing government and imperial rule in China. The founding of the Republic of China, the first democratic republic in Asia, laid an important milestone in the modernisation of the country. The year 2011 marks the centenary of the Xinhai Revolution.

$1.40 - The 72 Martyrs of Huanghuagang
On 27 April 1911, the Tongmenghui (Chinese Revolutionary Alliance) revolted in Guangzhou. The revolutionaries fought bravely against the Qing army. Outnumbered, they were defeated and many lost their lives. Seventy-two of them were buried together at Huanghuagang in Guangzhou. They are known as "the 72 Martyrs of Huanghuagang".

$2.40 - Wuchang Uprising
On 10 October 1911, the revolutionaries staged an uprising in Wuchang. Following a fierce overnight battle, the Governor-General's office was seized and Wuchang fell to the revolutionaries. With news of the victory spreading rapidly to various parts of the country, one uprising followed another. In less than two months, 14 provinces and municipalities declared independence, and the rule of the Qing Dynasty began to collapse. From then on, China moved from an imperial regime to a republican system, starting a new page in history.

$3 - Important Revolutionary Figures
Cai Yuanpei and Zhang Taiyan, leaders of the Guangfuhui (Restoration Society), as well as HuangXing and Song Jiaoren, founders of the Huaxinghui (Society for the Revival of China), were forerunners of the Xinhai Revolution. They were instrumental in bringing about a successful revolutionary cause and their contributions were enormous.

$5 - Dr Sun Yat-sen Assuming the Office of Provisional President
On 1 January 1912, Dr Sun Yat-sen was sworn in as Provisional President in Nanjing. In his inaugural declaration, he set out five administrative objectives, with national unity and harmony as the top priority.

(From Hong Kong Post : http://www.hongkongpoststamps.com/eng/stamps/latest_stamp_issues/2011/20110927a/introduction.htm)

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