Jul 12, 2010

Israel FDC on "Musical Instruments of the Middle East"

First Day Cover
Sobrescrito de 1.º Dia


Musical Instruments of the Middle East

Date of Issue : 14 June 2010

(from Left to Right)
Darbuka and Drum
Darbuka is a goblet shaped hand drum used mostly in music originating in countries near the Middle East. Its thin, responsive drumhead and resonance help it produce a distinctively crisp sound. The drum is the world's oldest and most ubiquitous musical instrument.

Qanun and Piano
The qanun has 50-100 strings and is popular from India to northwest Africa. It is very commonly used in Turkish music and came to Egypt through Turkish influence. The qanun, which is considered to be a precursor to the Western piano, is incorporated into modern Arab music and is considered, along with the oud, to be a focal instrument. The piano reached its peak in Western music in the early 18th century and in the 19th and 20th centuries

Oud and Guitar
The guitar is very common in Western folk and artistic music. There are many different types of guitars and the number of strings varies, although six strings are customary. This instrument is known by many names and has been a part of Western culture since the Middle Ages. The guitar may be played polyphonically. The oud is the most typical Arab instrument, but its origins are unclear. In most cases it has five strings and in ancient times was played with an eagle feather. Today a pick is used. The oud is monophonic. Arab music theoreticians used the oud to explain their music.

The stamp tabs and lower sections feature Oriental rugs from the Middle East and Central Asia.

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